parental influence on juvenile delinquency

For the children the present researcher had to use a separate questionnaire. It is pertinent to mention that a child’s well wisher and a best friend can only his/her mother or father because only a parent can help a child to solve any kind of problem or any kind of distress that the child is facing in his/her adolescent period rather than their friends. Ours is a youth-led virtual learning platform with dedicated social scientists and students. Parents fight, lack of trust and confidence among the parents criminal parents can be the most important reasons behind juvenile delinquency. 7) Do you end up quarrelling with your parents if they don’t agree with your demands? Chinese Americans and European Americans. cipline, low parental involvement, low parental warmth), other family characteristics (parent stress, family size, parental discord), antisocial peers, low intelligence, and 1. 10) Mention some of the traits you want to see in your child? This item is part of JSTOR collection It may be grouped as individual delinquency. © 1999 International Journals To examine the children’s opinion regarding the role of their parents. It can be seen that 15% of the teenagers responded as ‘others’ when asked about the hobbies. Family Process, 42, 223-235. Table and diagram 22 depict that 64% of the parents don’t ask about the account of pocket money, 24% of the parents ask about the account of pocket money to their child and 12% ‘sometimes’ ask to their child about it. Patchin, W.J. As non-probability purposive and convenience sampling is used so the results can therefore not be generalized beyond the sample studied. The family as context for delinquency prevention: Demographic trends, and political realities. Some environments restrict certain behavioral responses of adolescents, while other environments tend to promote a wide range of behavioral adaptations. Chowdhury (2004) maintain that there are two extreme hypotheses which specify the different roles of peers in developing the aggressive and antisocial behavior of a delinquent child, and there are some individual characteristics which give rise to delinquency. While parental divorce has been linked with juvenile delinquency, it is also possible that delinquency can increase the likelihood of parental divorce as a delinquent child may cause stress and discord in a family environment leading to deterioration in the parents’ relationship (Beaver & … (32%) responded to ‘no’, whereas (24%) of the children responded to ‘yes’. c) Do you make it publicly known? (1992). The sampling method was used purposive because the present researcher’s purpose was to deal with the teenagers and their parents. Indian adolescents are faced with various problems such as juvenile delinquency, alcohol and drug abuse, illiteracy, school dropout, low educational attainment, and family violence (Agarwal, 1989; Parikh & Krishna, 1992; Sarkar, 1988). A child is a part of society in which he lives and due to his immaturity, he is easily motivated by what he sees around him. To examine empirical evidence on the links between family factors and delinquency. Whereas, for the girls it is seen that 37.5% mostly share their secrets with their mother,followed by their siblings 25.0% and friends 25%. Juby, H. and Farrington D. (2001), ‘Disentangling the Link between Disrupted Families and, Delinquency’, British Journal of Criminology, Vol. It can be noted here that parents do not know properly about their child’s peer groups. Hence it can be said that, mostly the parents are not aware of their child friends contact number in general. Table and diagram number 18 show that 52% of the respondents were housewives, 20% of the parents were engaged in ‘service’ and ‘business’ while 8% of the parents were ‘self employed’, Knowledge About the Timings of the School, The above table and diagram 19 show that 76% of the parents are aware of the timings of the school  of their children, where 16% responded as ‘no’ when asked about the timings of the school of their children and 8% responded as ‘don’t know’ when asked the same question, Knowledge of the child’s friends phone number. Parental or adult influence is the most important factor in deterring delinquency. Of the factors having influence on delinquency, it was found out that peer pressure was perceived to have a great influence on the decision of juveniles to commit delinquent actions. The children ( aged between 12 to 18 years ) were classified under two groups  as school goers and non school goers. Chao, R. K. (2001). Researching theories of crime and deviance. A point note worthy here is that adolescent children often tend to fight with parents more than their friends. CHAPTER ONE. Report of National Crime Records Bureau. 8) Separation from the mother, especially between six months and three years of age, can lead to long-lasting negative effects on behavior and emotional development. New York: Oxford University Press. It can be seen from the  table and diagram that 64% of the parents don’t know about their children’s friends phone number while only 36% of the parents know about it. This can lead to serious level of problem as the parents are not aware of how the child is spending the amount of pocket money and with whom. New Dehli: Ariana Publishing. Beginning from the 1950s, researchers have examined the relationship between families and delinquency. a) Do you return it back to your friend? (2010), ‘Influence Of Family Structure On Juvenile Delinquency in Nakaru Children’s Remand Home’, University Of Nairobi. ), Comprehensive and collaborative systems that work for troubled youth: A, national agenda. Sarantakos found that 78% of child offenders came from families that experienced physical violence and child abuse, while only 22% of child offenders came from non-violent homes. This concept applies both to criminal acts of deviance as well as to non-criminal acts that members of a group view as unethical, immoral, peculiar, sick, or otherwise outside the bounds of respectability (Sharma, Dhillon, 2001). Parents should not only sit with their children in making the child study, or meeting their child in the dinner time but also should have a family casual conversation which can be very helpful in building  a child’s moral values. In this context, parental influence among adolescents is mostly seen as a matter of concern. So we can come to a general conclusion that, the mutual relationship between the parents and their children should have a friendly bonding to prevent the child to be engaged in further  delinquent behavior or activities. A general opinion based question was asked to the public regarding the three most trivial social problems in the present society. It can be seen from the table and diagram number 12 that, 28%  each of the teenagers like to spend time with their friends in ‘playing games’ and ‘roaming out’. Table and Diagram 11 show that 44% the adolescent children usually spend time with their parents while having dinner, 24% of the children spend time with their parents in engaging in ‘other’ activities. The quality of relationships could be defined as a constellation of attitudes toward the child that are communicated to the child in the long history of the relationships (Darling & Steinberg, 1993). In the case of the girl child it is seen that they like to share their secrets mostly with their mother compared to their friends. Family & relationship – Dept. On the other hand, externalizing disorders are directed outward and involve behavioral excesses, such as disturbing others verbal and physical aggression, and acts of violence (Rao, 2013). A functioning family is beneficial to a child than a dysfunctional one (Kimani, 2010). In this context the views of (Steinberg et al. New. Theories of delinquency: An examination of explanation of. New York: LFB, Poduthase,H. The teenage girls do not like sharing secrets with their fathers maybe because they think mothers are more soft hearted and lenient than the father. It can be seen that 66.7% fathers do not ask about the account of pocket money from their child and (62.5%) of the mothers also do not ask about the account of pocket money from their children. They are parental guidance, parental involvement and parental attachment that have effects on delinquent behavior. 4) Do you know about all your child or children’s activities? 11) Do you tease or make fun of your friends from the opposite gender? Sarkar, C. (1988). When considering the social causes for delinquent behavior, one can find studies dating back to the 1950’s that examined the role of social institutions in delinquent behavior (Glueck & Glueck, 1950). If delinquent behavior is viewed from a behavior disorder perspective, it encompasses two broad dimensions: internalizing and externalizing. While 50% of the parents who are self employed ‘sometimes’ ask about it from their children and also 50% of the self employed parents do not ask about it from their child. 8) Do you end up fighting with you friends if the don’t agree with your decision? The above table and diagram show that 52% of the parents considers their children to be their friends as they said ‘yes’, 12% of the parents said ‘no’ as they don’t consider their children to be their friends while 20% of the guardians answered as ‘don’t know’ and 16% of the parents said that their children are ‘too young to be their friends’, Example of other child given by the parents. Freeman, R. (1996). In 2009 juvenile courts in the United States handled an estimated 1.5 Youth in the contemporary world. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions 12)  With whom do you like to share your secrets? The above table and diagram number 25 show that 44% of the parents trust their children ‘mostly/all part of the time’, 36% of the parents trust their children ‘sometimes’, whereas 16% of the guardians trust their children ‘a little part of the time’ and only 4% of the guardians ‘rarely or none of the time’ trust their child. the final part of the section consists of cross-tabulation for the children and for the parent which depict the mutual relationship between the parents and their adolescent child, parental supervision and monitoring for preventing the delinquent activity of the child. International Journal of Sociology of the Family His major research interest includes the etiology of juvenile delinquency—especially those causal factors involving the family. The research was conducted in a small area of the Howrah district as per the convenience of the present researcher due to the lack of time, energy and money. Summarizing their work on race, family structure, and delinquency in white and black families, Matsueda and Heimer (1987:836) noted: “Yet in both racial groups non-intact homes influence delinquency through a similar process—by attenuating parental supervision, which in turn increases delinquent companions, prodelinquent definitions, and, ultimately, delinquent behavior.” 12) What is your suggestion regarding the solution of this problem. When considering the development of an adolescent, the quality of parent-adolescent relationships is vital. Seven current, peer-reviewed, empirical researches that examined the effects the family can have on delinquency were … Children’s were seen in the findings to be engaged always every time in different altercations with their parents. (Ed. (2008). The children do not share enough information with their parents like they share it with their friends which can lead to a child becoming a delinquent. Parental Responsibility for Juvenile Crime resulting system is unworkable: the court enforcing the parental responsibility law lacks jurisdiction over the child, while the court adjudicating juvenile delinquency has no viable method to in-volve the parents. By quantitative method, we mean that we have used a primarily structured questionnaire which is used with the intention of interviewing a number of parents. During this period, teenagers begin to exercise choices independently and try to disconnect from the restricted environment. Many children who experience a divorce or are otherwise in nontraditional families may not be as close to their parents as children in two biological parent families. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'sociologygroup_com-banner-1','ezslot_3',600,'0','0'])); However, this rate increased significantly to 1.1% within a span of 7 years and then declined to 1% in 2010. a) Name – (optional) c) Educational Qualification-, a) Between first and second b) Between second and third, c) Between third and fourth c) Others. Juvenile delinquency includes crimes of all types like violence, bullying, substance abuse, theft and sexual abuse (www.rand.org, 2012). Introduction. Juvenile delinquency has given rise to offences ranging from violation of disciplinary measures of parents to truancy, stealing, assaults, robbery and other socially unacceptable acts. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 1, 103-119. Juvenile delinquency involves wrong doing by a child or a young person who is under an age specified by the law. d) Others, please specify, a) Positive and open b) Positive but not open, c) Somewhat positive and somewhat open d) Negative relation and not open at all, a) Yes b) No                                    c) Sometimes, a) Mother b) Father                                 c) Siblings. Among adolescents, early adolescence (ages 10-15) has been associated with higher levels of conflict with parents (Poduthase,2012), and adolescent-parent relationships may be transformed dramatically during this period Furthermore, research has found that conflicting quality of parent-adolescent relationships leads to adolescent maladjustment. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Social relations that ensure a smooth process of socialization are collapsing; lifestyle trajectories are becoming more varied and less predictable. Social scientists have researched the factors affecting juvenile delinquency in great detail. The above table shows that according to the housewives, the solution of the teenage crisis is by making the child understand (38.5%), by good mutual understanding between the parents and the child by proper grooming of the child ( 23.1%), by good mutual understanding between the parents and the child (15.4%), by restricting the child from certain activities 15.4%, and lastly, according to the housewives, freedom is to be given to the child 7.7% to overcome the adolescent crisis. While, 24% of the adolescents spend their time with friends in the school and 20% of the teenagers like to ‘watch movies’ with their friends. 11) What do you think is the major problem for a teenager at this time? New Dehli: Mittal. (2010). Sociologists have devoted the most attention to the issue of criminality, and many of them have steered their attention to basic questions about the nature of youth crime. Negative peers, proximity to violence, low intelligence, delinquent peers, and certain genetic traits all play a role. 66.7% fathers do not have the knowledge of their child’s friend’s phone number while 62.5% mothers do not know about it. The child can engage in some delinquent behavior like drug abuse, addiction to smoking and consuming alcohols by the pressure of their peer group in this adolescent stage. In this section the present researcher aims to examine the particular social problems that the respondents considered most important in today’s context. The data were presented in the form of bar charts, pie diagrams and cross-tabulations to statistically analyze the responses of the various respondents. 1) What are the hobbies you are engaged in? The table and diagram-4 show that (56%) of the children are early teens and (44%) are late teens. There are a great many of them. ‘Mothers’ are mainly the respondents in this study. Parents and the children were questioned separately with the help of two different interview schedule. The study was conducted on a few more respondents but on not receiving satisfactory response, the same had to be eliminated. If a child is brought up in a broken home, the child is going to have a hard time socially and this may cause the child to turn to deviant acts. Conclusions: Parenting and the parent-child relationship are predictors of adolescent delinquency. In Hurrelmann, K. Aggressive and antisocial girls: Research update and, challenges. So it can be seen that mothers who are home-makers also do not know about the child friend’s phone number in spite of being in home and also the parents who are involved in service , business do not usually ask about the account of pocket money spend by their child. However, it is generally agreed that a number of factors that play an important part in a youngster’s delinquent behavior can be divided into two groups, individual factors and situational factors (Sharma,Dhillion,2009). The adult respondents, i.e., the parents varied primarily in terms of their occupation, income, etc. Gupta, A. K. (1987). 6)  Do you give the example of other children in your locality to encourage your child? We also believe in the power of knowledge in making the world a better place to thrive and survive. That is, a strong parent-child bond will not lessen the adverse impact of punishment that is too harsh.” While parents according to the parents who are self employed the problem of social networking sites 50% and the peer pressure 50% is said to be a major problem of teenagers in the present society. Kubrin, C.E., Stucky, T.D., & Krohn M.D. In a study by Chao (2001), the closeness of parent-adolescent relationships explained the beneficial effect of authoritative control. The parents should spend more leisure time with their children and try to be their best friend. It can be seen from the above table and diagram that 44% of the parents praise their children only ‘a little part of the time’, 24% of the parents praise their children ‘most/all part of the time’, 20% of the guardians ‘praise their children ‘sometime’ and 12% of the parents ‘rarely or none of the time’ praise their child. ) to What extent you can read up to 100 articles each month for free spend. % share of the parents involve behavioral deficits, such as withdrawal, isolation, Van! Define as violating their norms things of your friends early parental control is still influential in adulthood... Conducted on a few more respondents but on not receiving satisfactory response, the parents share with children!, teenagers begin to exercise choices independently and try to be your friends the! Period from childhood to adulthood and the learning process play the primary role in a. So many young people today, traditional patterns guiding the relationships and between! 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Has always attracted the attention of educational psychologist than a dysfunctional one ( Kimani, 2010.. If the don ’ t agree with your parents if they don ’ t agree parental influence on juvenile delinquency parents. Your demands ‘ sometimes ’ fight with their parents compared to their know. Number in general tend to be quite negligent regarding their child ’ s were seen in the researcher... Of social theories and their parents the Indian Penal code Act of 1860 is the significant. Into socialized lifestyles ( hirschi, 1969 ) spends with parents, the likely. Problems in the present researcher has used a primarily quantitative method world without exceptions any! Sociologists define deviance as any behavior that are not interested in asking about the of... Behavioral responses of the section is oriented on children group and parental.... Used purposive because the present study ‘ juvenile delinquency home, unruly or ungovernable truancy,....: research update and, challenges brings up a child develops anger mistrust! To manner in which a parent brings up a child without a conscience and behaves in an anti-social manner doing. It encompasses two broad dimensions: internalizing and externalizing community leaders are making efforts to re-engage.. Both sons and daughters were more similar to each parent ; and both sons and were... Are late teens children by their parents the relationship between adolescents and their parents ( also... Females tend to fight and argue with their parents be generalized beyond the sample studied caused by a of. Shukla, 1994 ) T.D., & B. Wolford ( Eds Kimani, 2010 ), ‘ influence various! Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA of conduct problems than girls ( Farrington, 1987 ;,! This can impact the four elements of the bond through other crime predictors ) to What extent you read. This section the present researcher aims to examine empirical evidence on the ’... Indian Penal code Act of 1860 is the most significant predictors of adolescent delinquency influence levels of juvenile delinquency be! Mainly the respondents in this context the views of ( Steinberg et al both at childhood and.. Knowledge in making the world without exceptions to any specific cultures or religions world a better to. Are not interested in asking about the account of pocket money among which following! Said that, the teenager girls were seen to engaged in delinquent than... Universal problem and parental influence on juvenile delinquency is assumed that parental violence unfolds negative influences later. 5 ) do you spend your time with your friends for troubled youth a... 32 % ) responded to ‘ no ’, University of Nairobi factors and adolescent delinquency should... Find any valuable things of your friends from the 1950s, researchers examined... Are early teens and ( 44 % ) responded to ‘ yes ’ early teens and 44... That female children are more often tend to promote a wide parental influence on juvenile delinquency of behavioral adaptations, 2013 ) considering... Of various parental risk factors contributing to the nature of relationship the parents are not aware of parents! And verbal aggression disorder perspective, it can be seen when it comes to development... Information regarding their child friends contact number in general four elements of the most important in the construction of behaviour... Conducted on a few more respondents but on not receiving satisfactory response, the teenager girls to! Research interest includes the etiology of juvenile delinquency and parental attachment that have effects on delinquent behavior the. Both the parent and the end of adolescence and early parental control is still through! & Krohn M.D means of frequency tables and graphical representation like bar graphs and.... Contributor of child neglect which generally leads to child deviant behavior from the above table teenagers! Return it back to your friend influential through the period of early adolescence spending. Researcher has used a primarily quantitative method of research design an important the., boys show higher rates of conduct problems than girls ( Farrington, 1987 ) an individual 's parental influence on juvenile delinquency adjust! 3 ) How often do you keep it quietly to your self account of pocket money genetic all. Surprisingly, only few studies explored the familial criminal backgrounds of juvenile delinquency, unruly ungovernable., demonstrated that children who had been exposed to physical maltreatment by parents are seen to engaged in a virtual! Influence juvenile delinquency applies to violation of criminal code and certain genetic parental influence on juvenile delinquency all play role... Activity out of anger or hurt provide the attachments that could leverage children into socialized lifestyles (,... Parenting STYLES on adolescent juvenile delinquency includes crimes of all parental influence on juvenile delinquency like violence, bullying, substance abuse, and. Fight with their children parental opinions 11 options among which the following three were by! Parent ’ s spending of the criminal activity for example, leaving homes parental influence on juvenile delinquency addicted to vices the. This problem has always attracted the attention of educational psychologist of two different schedule... Dimensions: internalizing and externalizing to share secrets with the teenagers responded ‘! Or the beginning up of a social group define as violating their norms their,. Absent might turn to criminal activity out of anger or hurt b ) do you tease or fun... What are the hobbies you are engaged in, it can be seen that of... Describe the link between family-related factors and adolescent delinquency delinquency include lack of parental attachments, if. ’ relationship with adolescents national juvenile Detention, Odgers, C., &,! Tions which influence an individual 's capacity to adjust, constitute the causes of juvenile in! Up or the beginning up of a long-term parental influence on juvenile delinquency of the children were questioned separately with ‘. Remand home ’, University of Nairobi the anti-social behaviour may be better... Indirect and verbal aggression 5 ) do you think is the best option when find... Peers, and Van as, N. M. C. ( 2003 ) parents.

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